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Due to the wide variety of nutrients it contains, milk is used in all mammals.
It is a vital food that can meet the needs of the organism. the puppies
milk, which is the basic food in nutrition, food material in animal breeding,
also in the food industry and outside of them, pharmacology and other
It is also used as a raw material in industry branches.
Necessary nutrients for an adequate nutrition, vegetable and animal origin
It is found in varying proportions in foods. However, milk, many nutrients
elements, especially protein, mineral substances that are necessary in development
and vitamins at a higher level than other foods.
Due to its importance in human life, the production of milk and its processing into products,
It has an important place in agricultural production. About six billion
While the world population around the world continues to increase rapidly,
on the other hand, agricultural areas are decreasing every year, so the unit
Continuous studies to obtain higher yields from the area
It is made. The same assessment is valid for milk production as well; each
Trying to obtain more milk from dairy animals.
a 150-year history of dairy industry in the world, the 20th century in Turkey
While it was a small dairy and dairy farm at the beginning, in 1957
Production in the form of the first modern milk factory within Atatürk Orman Çiftliği
It began. Later, it established a law in 1963, Turkey Milk
Industry Corporation (SEK) (until privatization) 40 'in different parts of the country
By close with a production factory, Turkey contributed to dairying
It was found. In addition, since the 1970s, the private sector has also
has shown interest in the industry. During this period, in modern factories, milk and
products started to be produced. Some of the existing dairies in the 80s and
when factories went to modernization, the 90s, some modern dairy
a period when businesses started to establish partnerships with foreign companies
(Yetişmeyen and Deveci, p.3).
During this process, particularly in the last 10-15 year period, milk in Turkey
It was determined that the general structure and character of the industry started to change.
and although it is not growing fast enough, the industry has traditionally
With the structure, it started to get rid of the primitive identity. In this change process;
especially mid-sized businesses go to growth and modernization, this
It has been determined that it tries to renew its technologies in a sense.
Regarding this issue, since Turkey does not change from last year in the dairy industry
It is possible to talk about an extremely important proportional distribution. This
40% of milk produced is consumed at the source and 60% in the market.
It is evaluated. However, 45% of marketed milk was also
in dairies, 15% in modern enterprises and the remaining 40%
if; As street milk, one of the most important problems of the dairy sector
değeriendiril is. Dairy industry of these proportional values
shows significant differences compared to developed countries
Seen. As a matter of fact, 90% of the milk produced in developed countries is
Processing in factories is the most striking example that can be given in this regard (DPT (f),
P.43).
This study is the development of the dairy industry and the most important
As one of the sector, which has emerged in various policies in the agricultural sector,
It is considered important in terms of revealing the developments. In the study,
The subject of both industry and agriculture dimensions Turkey, the EU and the world
It is also important to examine it in scale. Also, the latest in world trade
the reflections of developments on the development of the milk and dairy industry
Investigation and major producer countries as Turkey, made in this regard
Considering the limited number of studies,
increases its importance.
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